KARACHI: Yeast infections are probably one of the most painful of all vaginal diseases. Yet, not many are aware of the condition. Firstly, it’s important to know that married women are not the only ones to contract it. We spoke to an expert to confirm the facts.
General practitioner and sonologist Dr Kishwar Lucas told Cutacut that it is very common among women of reproductive age, that is, from menarche to menopause. In layman terms, menarche to menopause can be defined as the years in between when women get their periods.
What is yeast infection?
Yeast infection is a fungal infection in the vagina. The fungal bacteria and amoeba that causes it is called Trichomonas, added Dr Lucas.
The most common myth in Pakistan is that only women who are sexually active are prone to it, which isn’t the case. Dr Lucas clarified that unmarried and young girls are also prone to it.
“Diabetic patients also are very prone,” concluded Dr Lucas.
It is caused by bacteria and fungus. Dr Lucas shared that yeast vaginal infections are contagious.
It can be transmitted from one sexual partner to the other but also through other ways, such as sharing underwear, public swimming pools, or even public transport.
Yeast infections can may also occur in comorbidity with other ovarian and vaginal problems.
Generally, during vaginal infections, the walls of the vagina become overly sensitive. “Some of the common symptoms include vaginal itching, soreness of vulva, burning while urination and copious vaginal discharge,” Dr Lucas added.
The treatment ranges from preventative measures to medication.
Preventative measures, as suggested by Dr Lucas include:
1. Maintain proper hygiene of the body
2. Use sterilised pads; cheap quality pads can cause yeast infections
3. Always keep the vulva dry. This will reduce the chances of growth of fungus in the vagina
As for medication, Dr Lucas strong recommends to consult an expert before using any medication. Usually, doctors first examine the sample of discharge to investigate which type of bacteria or fungus is causing the infection, and medication is prescribed accordingly.
This story is part of a series, which is updated weekly. You can read the previous entry here.